Monday, June 25, 2012

Key Differences Between Celiac Disease and Gluten Sensitivity

Key Differences Between CD and Gluten Sensitivity

Study from University of Maryland Center for Celiac Research Places Gluten Sensitivity on Center Stage of Spectrum of Gluten-Related Disorders

Baltimore, MD – March 10, 2011. Scientists at the University of Maryland School of Medicine’s Center for Celiac Research have proven that gluten sensitivity is different from celiac disease at the molecular level and in the response it elicits from the immune system. The research, published online in BMC Medicine, provides the first scientific evidence of a different mechanism leading to gluten sensitivity. It also demonstrates that gluten sensitivity and celiac disease are part of a spectrum of gluten-related disorders.

"We found differences in levels of intestinal permeability and expression of genes regulating the immune response in the gut mucosa," says lead investigator Alessio Fasano, M.D., professor of pediatrics, medicine and physiology at the University of Maryland School of Medicine and director of the Center for Celiac Research. The research documents the genes and the pathways—a sequence of reactions in the small intestine—possibly associated with gluten sensitivity. "Identifying and isolating specific 'biomarkers' in the immune response of people with gluten sensitivity could lead to diagnostic tools for the condition," says Dr. Fasano, who also directs the University of Maryland School of Medicine Mucosal Biology Research Center.

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